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Geographical Features

  1. Forests like Mabira forest.
  2. Rivers for example Sezibwa, Musamya and part of the Nile.
  3. Waterfalls like Bujjagali and Sezibwa.
  4. Lake; part of Lake Victoria.



The northern part of the district is flat but the southern region consists of sloping land with great many undulations; 75% of the land is less than 60o in slope. 

Climate and Relief

Most of Buikwe District lies on a high plateau (1000-1300) above sea level with some areas along Sezibwa River below 760m above sea level, Southern Buikwe is a raised plateau (1220-2440m) drained by rivers of Sezibwa and Musamya.

The mean annual rainfall is 11,000mm distributed over 106 rain days, with peaks in March – May and September – November.  Temperatures range between 16oC and 28oc throughout the year.

Both relief and the climate provide a good potential for investment in cash and food crop, horticulture and floriculture on a commercial basis.  Existing commercial farms in the District also provide a good background for experience sharing for those investors who want to venture in such areas.


There are two main categories of soils namely; Ferralitic soils and Ferrisols.

Types of soils found in Buikwe District:

Soil types

Location by sub-county,

Buganda catena

Najjembe, Kawolo and Lugazi

Kyebe catena

Ngogwe, Nyenga, Njeru and Buikwe

Kifu series

Buikwe, Nyenga, Najjembe, Wakisi and Kawolo

Sango series

Buikwe, Najja, Ssi, Nkokonjeru and Ngogwe


Generally, the vegetation cover is of the forest/savannah mosaic characterized by patches of dense forest in the south and scattered trees in shrubs and grassland of the north.  Natural forests on private land and government-controlled forests are a characteristic of this region.

The wetland vegetation comprises of typha, miscanthus, hyparrhenia species, some cyperceous and creepers, mostly convolvulaceae.  Swamp forest tree species such as pseudospondias microcarpa, mitrogyra species, tarbementana, ficus spp., bridelia micrautha and phoenix reclinata shrub vegetation include some edible plants such as psidium guava and afromonium augustifolium.  Several species found here are utilized by the local community for food, fuel, building materials, medicines and raw materials for crafts.